Growing Up Digital Australia: Phase 2 Results

mother and son using digital media

A new research report by the Gonski Institute for Education reveals digital media and technologies as a great distraction in Australian family life. More than 9 out of 10 parents think digital devices negatively distract their own lives, and 83% think their children are also negatively distracted by digital gadgets.

While parents find digital technologies useful in staying connected with their children and keeping them safe, three-quarters of parents think it is difficult to control their child’s digital habits. As many as 65% of parents also admit that negotiating the use of digital media and technologies at home causes conflicts with their children.

“Parents think that digital media and technologies have a dual power of offering children both benefits and drawbacks,” says Professor Pasi Sahlberg, Deputy Director of the Gonski Institute for Education. “Hence, we need smart solutions to address these complex challenges towards sustainable digital wellness for our youth.” 

Prof. Sahlberg says perhaps the most worrying finding is that about a third of families allow their children to use their digital devices after bedtime every single day. Furthermore, three of five children who struggle in school regularly sleep with their digital gadgets. 

Infographic displaying digital inequity and how it affects young people

“Although our study is not able to prove that night-time use of smartphone or computer causes difficulties to keep up good learning at school, parents should help their children to fall asleep without technology”, Prof. Sahlberg says. 

According to earlier findings, two-thirds of Australian teachers observed more children arriving at school tired and often not ready to learn.

Growing up digital is also becoming an equity issue. According to the study, lower-income parents and lower-achieving students, in particular, are most at risk of distraction from interactive media use.

“This group of parents is less likely to implement effective monitoring and regulation strategies at home around the use of screens,” says Dr Amy Graham, Research Fellow at the Gonski Institute. “They’re also more likely to believe these devices are having no impact on child development.”

About half of parents surveyed say they would welcome more support from their child’s school to help them and their child to manage digital media and technologies use at home. 

“Parents know they need to be role models in the safe and responsible use of digital devices at home, but they still find themselves negatively distracted by digital media and technologies,” says Dr Graham.

The study is also one of the first efforts to include grandparents’ views of their own and their grandchildrens’ digital media habits. Almost four in five grandparents feel they are in control of their own digital technology use, and most would rather see their grandchildren play sports than video games. 

“These are not issues facing only schools or parents – we are all in this together. There are real opportunities for schools and parents to have better conversations about these challenges, but they need support to do this,” Dr Graham says.

About the research

Growing Up Digital Australia is part of an international research project, including Harvard Medical School (U.S.) and Alberta Teachers Association (Canada), investigating how digital media and technologies impact children’s wellbeing, health, and eventually learning at school.

The Phase 1 findings with 1,876 Australian teachers and principals can be found here.

Phase 2 of Growing Up Digital Australia was conducted using Global GUD methodology developed and implemented by the Digital Wellness Lab at Boston Children’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School and the Alberta Teachers’ Association. The report surveyed nearly 2,500 parents, grandparents and caregivers and collected data about more than 5,000 children across Australia on home use of digital devices by young people during the pandemic.

The final phase of the research will begin later this year and will capture the views of young people on their use of digital media and technologies.

This study has been supported with financial partnerships from the ACT Government- Education Directorate; NSW Teachers Federation; The Evidence Institute- AISNSW; and the Federation of Parents and Citizens Associations of NSW. We thank them for their belief in the importance of this research, and investment to better understand the issues facing our young people.

Key facts

  • More than 4 in 5 children own at least one screen-based device that belongs to them, and children own, on average, three digital devices at home. Personal ownership of gadgets starts as young as four years old.
  • Only 46% of parents felt that their child spends a day without digital technology.
  • 73% of parents and grandparents think it is harder to control their child’s digital habits since getting their own screen-based device.
  • 65% of parents agreed that ‘negotiating digital technologies use causes conflicts in our home’.
  • 83% of parents, carers and grandparents felt that their child was negatively distracted by digital technologies.
  • Half of parents said that they would welcome more support from their child’s school to help them and their child to manage digital media and technologies use at home. 

Technical Report

The Phase 2 Technical Report provides detailed information on the background behind the research, the methodological process and a discussion of the findings. 

Download report

Infographics Summary Report

The Infographics Summary Report presents the main findings in a visual format. 

Download infographics