Structural failure: Why Australia keeps falling short of its educational goals

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Despite continued national and international evidence suggesting that equity, inclusivity, and accessibility are essential to excellent learning opportunities in Australia the policy responses continue to be limited to unambitious tinkering at the policy edges.

Instead, there is strong evidence to suggest major structural reform of the Australian education architecture is needed if we are to address the growing inequity across the Australian education system

A new report Structural failure: Why Australia keeps falling short of its educational goals, released today by the UNSW Gonski Institute for Education looks at how our school system measures up in 2021 against what Australians expects our schools systems to achieve.

If we keep falling short of these expectations, the post-pandemic economic recovery and social rebuilding will be much harder and slower. This report suggests that we need to undertake the bigger structural changes for a successful, sustainable, and equitable school future.

Honorary Professor Adrian Piccoli, one of the authors of this report, said the report amounts to a long overdue reality check. “Our research team matched the indicators of progress against goal statements for our school system over three decades. The results were sobering.”

The report found significant gaps between rhetoric and reality. “We keep saying that our school system promotes excellence and equity for all”, Professor Pasi Sahlberg of the Gonski Institute said, “but in overall terms it clearly doesn’t.” For almost two decades the figures provided by both Australian authorities and comparative international statistics tell much the same story, equity in school education is in decline.

“We say that education should be inclusive and free from any form of discrimination and should contribute to a socially cohesive society, but as data in this report show, we keep falling short”, Sahlberg said.

The report concedes that changing what we have won’t be easy. The report recommends several ways forward including:

  • Creating a more integrated school system of secular and religious schools similar to Canadian provinces and New Zealand
  • Managing better school choice in order to minimise inequity
  • Implementing the fair school funding model introduced in the Review of Funding for Schooling in December 2011

The report concludes that the widespread rethinking that has emerged during the pandemic gives us a nation a moment in history to refocus our attention on equity and fairness. Piccoli said: “The data in this report speaks to the failing of our existing structures and the need for significant reform - not just the easy reform but particularly the hard reform."

Read the report